Difference between revisions of "Chapter 5"

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a: 101, b: 81 - '''Plays of Ford, Webster, Tourneur and Wharfinger'''<br>
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Ford_(dramatist) '''John Ford'''] is famous for [http://books.google.com/books?id=EgxYEemQXEsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Tis+pity+she%27s+a+whore&as_brr=1  '''''Tis pity she's a whore'''''], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Webster '''John Webster'''] wrote [http://books.google.com/books?id=sxdMAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA139&dq=The+Duchess+of+Malfi&as_brr=1 '''''The Duchess of Malfi'''''] and [http://www.enotes.com/literary-criticism/tourneur-cyril '''Cyril Tourneur'''] wrote [http://books.google.com/books?id=0vwkAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA241&dq=The+Atheist%27s+Tragedy&as_brr=1 '''''The Athiest's Tragedy'''''], while the [http://books.google.com/books?id=sxdMAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA335&dq=Revenger%27s+Tragedy&as_brr=1 '''''Revenger's Tragedy'''''] is ascribed to Tourneur with a great deal of controversy as regards authorship.
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b: 82 - '''Alexandrine'''<br>
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A line of poetic meter comprising 12 syllables.
  
 
a: 103, b: 83 - '''FSM's, YAF's, VDC's'''<br>
 
a: 103, b: 83 - '''FSM's, YAF's, VDC's'''<br>
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a: 112, b: 90 - '''sinophile'''<br>
 
a: 112, b: 90 - '''sinophile'''<br>
Someone fond of chinese culture. On occasion, the term is used to describe people who exhibit a sexual preference for Chinese or Asian partners. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinophile Wikipedia]
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Someone fond of chinese culture. On occasion, the term is used to describe people who exhibit a sexual preference for Chinese or Asian partners. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinophile Wikipedia] The character being referred to is John Nefastis, who likes to do it when "there is something about China" on TV.
:But what character is this referring to? [[User:Bleakhaus|Bleakhaus]] 14:26, 10 May 2007 (PDT)
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a: 115, b: 93 - '''IBM 7094'''<br>
 
a: 115, b: 93 - '''IBM 7094'''<br>
 
At the time of publishing, this was the top-of-the-line computer.  One of those HUGE room sized ones.
 
At the time of publishing, this was the top-of-the-line computer.  One of those HUGE room sized ones.
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a: 119, b: 96 - '''Jesus Arrabal'''<br>
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[http://tinyurl.com/37pbq5 '''''Jesus Arrabal''''] conflates [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus '''''Jesus''''] a word, generally fixed in meaning as the figure at the Center of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity '''''Christianity'''''], [and also a common [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10673c.htm '''''Christian Name'''''] in Catholic Latin American], with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_influence_on_Spanish '''''Arrabal'''''] a Spanish word that grew from Arab roots, arrabal (suburb - al-rabad). The word changed in meaning over time to include the suburbs, the outlands, and the slums, all zones of exclusion. The word [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Arrabal '''''Arrabal'''''] as a proper name leads us to  Fernando Arrabal, noted playwright working in the Theater of the Absurd. Finally, spoken aloud it sounds like '''Jesus 'orrible'''. See '''a: 129, b: 105 - '''high magic to low puns''', below.
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a: 119, b: 96 - '''Conjuración de los Insurgentes Anarquistas'''<br>
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A fictional Anarchist organization with the acronym [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Intelligence_Agency '''C.I.A.'''], a pun that serves to remind us once again of the secretive intelligence organization. [http://www.answers.com/topic/conspiracy?cat=biz-fin '''Conjuración'''] is both conjuration and conspiracy, so it is both a Conspiracy of Insurgent Anarchists and a Conjuration of Insurgent Anarchists. As in both [http://www.panslabyrinth.com/ '''''Pan's Labyrinth'''''] and [http://against-the-day.pynchonwiki.com/wiki/index.php?title=Main_Page '''''Against the Day'''''] there is an Anarchist/Magical co-conspiracy.
  
 
a: 119, b: 96 - '''Flores Magon brothers'''<br>
 
a: 119, b: 96 - '''Flores Magon brothers'''<br>
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a: 119, b: 96 - '''Zapata'''<br>
 
a: 119, b: 96 - '''Zapata'''<br>
 
Emiliano Zapata was another Mexican revolutionary in the early 1900's.
 
Emiliano Zapata was another Mexican revolutionary in the early 1900's.
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b: 98 - '''priistas'''<br>
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Members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI): a Mexican political party.  It was formed in 1929 and was the dominant political party for much of the 20th century.
  
 
a: 125, b: 101 - '''jitney'''<br>
 
a: 125, b: 101 - '''jitney'''<br>
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a: 129, b: 105 - '''high magic to low puns'''<br>
 
a: 129, b: 105 - '''high magic to low puns'''<br>
  
:. . . .[http://tinyurl.com/26788e '''She'''] [http://tinyurl.com/yw3xy8 '''knew'''] that the [http://www.bookpalace.com/acatalog/ParkerSailor.jpg '''sailor'''] had [http://www.pixelslide.com/hv319.jpg '''seen worlds'''] no other man had [http://www.adcawards.org/images/ADC86CFE.jpg '''seen'''] if only because there was that [http://www.meta-religion.com/Esoterism/images/circleeng.gif '''high magic'''] to [http://tinyurl.com/32wvoh '''low puns'''], because [http://tinyurl.com/e7hk2 '''DT's'''] must give access to [http://tf.nist.gov/phase/Properties/Properties_images/Image5.gif '''dt's'''] of [http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/20/stellar_spectra_3.jpg '''spectra'''] [http://www.arc.cmu.edu/cmu/images/student_work/featured/beyond_6lg.jpg '''beyond'''] the [http://tinyurl.com/2jg4w4 '''known'''] [http://www.plotinus.com/gnostic_jesus.htm '''sun'''], [http://www.andante.com/article/article.cfm?id=25641 '''music'''] made [http://www.mml.cam.ac.uk/spanish/resources/Rego/PurificationAtTheTemple.jpg '''purely'''] of [http://www.galleryone.com/images/bateman/bateman-antarctic-evening-humpback-whales.jpg '''Antarctic loneliness'''] and [http://www.phobos-deimos.com/Cthulhu/cthulhu.jpg '''fright''' ]. . . .
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see [[High_Magic_to_low_Puns|'''High Magic to Low Puns''']]
 
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I suppose the first reasonable question is "'''What is High Magic?'''", [http://spellsandmagic.com/wvshm.html '''''High Magic'''''] being one of those terms we generally assume we already know, the bulk of the readers skimming right past that phrase even though they've never really had the acquaintance of a practioneer, much less participate in a Magick ritual, either high or low. [http://wicca.timerift.net/ceremonial_magic.shtml '''''High Magic'''''] is magic that seeks contact with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divinity '''''Divine'''''], one could also look at it as a form of [http://www.gnosis.org/ '''''Gnosis''''']. "High Magic" is one of the biggest themes in all of Pynchon's books, all aspects of Magic high and low are explored. The number and density of references to magic increase in his output, culminating in the constantly shifting magical realism of [http://against-the-day.pynchonwiki.com/wiki/index.php?title=Main_Page '''''Against the Day'''''].  But, quite frequently in Thomas Pynchon's output, there's a [http://www.markforrester.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2006/04/the_latest_on_my_mothers_weed.jpg '''''Home-Grown'''''] word [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wicca '''''Wicca'''''] that can be [http://www.paralumun.com/crystalscry.htm '''''Scryed'''''] in the [http://www.spellsandmagic.com/spells.html '''''Spells'''''] and [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/twisted '''''Twisted'''''] [http://www.shamanschool.com/resources/courses/howtostudy.html '''''Spelllings'''''] of the [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=g&p=6 '''''Gnarly'''''] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etymology '''''Etymological'''''] roots he digs up and like some [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06052b.htm '''''Witch Doctor'''''] re-twisting the mass into something he can use.
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The [http://tinyurl.com/2snsm6 '''High Magic'''] of [http://tinyurl.com/2xpet7 '''Angelic Language'''] must be declaimed---[http://www.esotericarchives.com/dee/tfr/tfr2.htm '''Cried'''] is one way to put it---very carefully, with a great and awful [http://www.thefreedictionary.com/locution '''locution]. . . .
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From an [http://tinyurl.com/2qtx5f '''Unsigned'''] article on [http://www.maybelogic.org/maybequarterly/06/images/Figure5.jpg '''Enochian'''] calls:
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:". . . .Pronunciation proves a problem for the scholar of Enochian. Since the language was only ever really used by Dee and Kelley in its true and correct form, we have only a vague idea of how it was actually spoken. Aleister Crowley of the Golden Dawn fame, proposed a system of pronunciation which took each individual letter as a single sound. This is explained by Sapere Aude (William Wynn Wescott- also of the Golden dawn):
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::''In pronouncing the Names, take each letter separately. M is pronounced Em; N is pronounced En (also Nu, since in Hebrew the vowel following the equivalent letter Nun is 'u'); A is Ah; P is Peh; S is Ess; D is Deh.''
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::
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::''NRFM is pronounced En-Ra-Ef-Em or En-Ar-Ef-Em. ZIZA is pronounced Zod-ee-zod-ah. ADRE is Ah-deh-reh or Ah-deh-er-reh. TAAASD is Teh-ah-ah-ah-ess-deh. AIAOAI is Ah-ee-ah-oh-ah-ee. BDOPA is Beh-deh-oh-peh-ah. BANAA is Beh-ah-en-ah-ah. BITOM is Beh-ee-to-em or Beh-ee-teh-oo-em. NANTA is En-ah-en-tah. HCOMA is Heh-co-em-ah. EXARP is Eh-ex-ar-peh.''
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The [http://tinyurl.com/2g683a '''Word'''] must be spoken with the greatest imaginable specificity:
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::. . . .The second section is my attempt to rewrite the Calls into some sort of standardized, readable phonetic system. One thing became evident in this process: the pronunciation guide given by Donald Laycock in his Complete Enochian Dictionary is the closest thing to Dee's notes I've seen so far. . . .
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::. . . .The angels themselves are no help here:
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::Dee: '''''I pray you, is Mozod a word of three letters, or of five?'''''
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::Nalvage: '''''In wrote three, it is larger extended.''''' [Dee- Z extended is Zod.]
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::Dee: '''''Will you pardon me if I ask you another question of this extension?'''''
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::Nal.: '''''Say on: Moz in itself signifieth Joy; but Mozod extended, signifieth the Joy of God'''''
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::(Causabon, A True and Faithful Relation..., p. 75). . . .
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Of course, taking these concepts a touch closer to [http://www.answers.com/topic/terra-firma '''''Terra Firma'''''], or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malkhuth_(Kabbalah) '''''Malkuth'''''] if we want to get [http://www.answers.com/topic/technical '''''Technical'''''] about it,  we note that a glossary for '''''The Crying of Lot 49''''' should also fold in a pronounciation guide that points out homonyms or ''sound-alikes'' in the novella, as this little story is overstuffed with puns, homonyms, mondegreens, acronyms,  and near misses of famous or useful names. Take [http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/lpop/etext/okla/sherman24.htm '''Jesus Arrabal'''] as a fine upstanding example of the word games that Thomas Ruggles Pynchon obsessively plays. We all know the name  Jesus,  in addition to being our [http://www.velocity.net/~edju/ '''''Lord and Savior'''''] [http://elitemrp.net/iat/examples/buddychrist.jpg '''''And All That'''''], is also quite a common [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10673c.htm '''Christian Name'''] in predominantly [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic '''Catholic'''] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_America '''Latin American'''] countries, such as [http://web.clas.ufl.edu/users/agordon/pynchon.htm '''Mexico'''], though, as in [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0118715/quotes '''''The Big Lebowski'''''] there is a [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/frisson '''frisson'''] of heresy in recontextualizing the religious figure of [http://www.coptic.net/pictures/Tableau.AlphaAndOmega.gif '''Jesus Christ'''] as a [http://www.bowlings-toulouse.com/Ligue/icones/jesus.bmp '''low'''] and [http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/ATHEISM/puritans.jpg '''excluded'''] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preterite '''preterite''']. Pynchon's family history again applies here. William Pynchon, founder of Springfield and a source of a lot that goes on in Pynchon the younger's books, spoke of Jesus Christ as closer to man, closer to those that the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predestination_(Calvinism) '''Calvinist Elect'''] saw as excluded from Christ's kingdom. I can't tell you why Our Beloved Author takes up this theme so many times, but it is very made explicit in the form of William Slothrop's banned and burned book [http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/3928/pns554.html '''''On Preterition'''''] folded into in [http://gravitys-rainbow.pynchonwiki.com/wiki/index.php?title=William_Slothrop '''''Gravity's Rainbow'''''] . [http://www.drbilllong.com/Words/Preterition.html '''''Preterition'''''] is, of course, on of the most frequently used terms in Pynchon's writing, displaying the author's great depth of knowledge as regards the history of the Calvinists and their impact on [http://reformed-theology.org/html/issue06/calvin.htm '''''America'''''], it is a historical thread that the author will return to again and again.
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a: 132, b: 107 - '''Oedipa checked out of the hotel and drove down the peninsula'''<br>
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This may be a continuity goof by Pynchon. "in chapter 5, Oedipa parks her car in San Francisco's North Beach, then spends the night wandering through the Bay Area on foot and by bus, ending up the next morning at her hotel in Berkeley; after a short sleep she "check out of the hotel and drove down the peninsula." How did her car get from San Francisco to Berkeley?" Edward Mendelson, "Gravity's Encyclopedia," fn. 12.
  
But the [http://tinyurl.com/22ttb4 '''Arrabal'''] part, where did Our Beloved Author find that one and what does it mean? Charles Hollander, in [http://www.vheissu.info/art/art_eng_49_hollander.htm '''''Pynchon, JFK and the CIA: Magic Eye Views of The Crying of Lot 49'''''], points out that [http://www.genarin.org/imagenes/arrabal.jpg '''''Arrabal'''''] translates from Spanish into [http://www.glaucus.org.uk/suburb.JPG '''Suburb''']. Alternatively, it can mean the  [http://www.alanarnette.com/images/guanaco.jpg '''Outlands'''], in the dance of the tango, it's the [http://www.cyber-tango.com/art/t_term.html '''Slums'''], so Jesus Arrabal can also be [http://www.mgilleland.com/images/christ-breadlines.jpg '''''Jesus of the Slums''']. If you say it out loud, it sounds like '''Jesus 'orrible'''. This is not your run-of-the-mill Jesus here.
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[[Image:airmail.png|thumb|150px|right|8 cent Airmail stamp]]
  
Then there's Fernando Arrabal, a figure just as likley to apply to ''The Crying of Lot 49'' much as the satrist [http://www.ottosell.de/pynchon/inferno.htm '''Varo'''] reflects the artist  [http://tinyurl.com/29tdf9 '''Remedios  Varo''']According to the Wikipedia article on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Arrabal '''Fernando Arrabal''']
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b: 109 - '''Speer and his ministry of cretins'''<br>
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Albert Speer was Minister of Armaments and War Production for the Third Reich and Hitler's chief architectDespite doubts about his credibility, at the Nuremberg trials, he was the only defendant to accept responsibility for his involvement with the Nazi regime, and was sentenced to 20 years in prison, while many of his colleagues were executed.
  
::Fernando Arrabal Terán (born August 11, 1932 in Melilla, Spain) is a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet of Spanish origin. He settled in France in 1955. . . .
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b: 112 - '''nicht wahr'''<br>
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German: not true? : isn't that so?
  
::. . . .‘’Arrabal’s theatre is a wild, brutal, cacophonous, and joyously provocative world. It is a dramatic carnival in which the carcass of our “advanced” civilizations is barbecued over the spits of a permanent revolution. He is the artistic heir of Kafka’s lucidity and Jarry’s humor; in his violence, Arrabal is related to Sade and Artaud. Yet he is doubtless the only writer to have pushed derision as far as he did. Deeply political and merrily playful, both revolutionary and bohemian, his work is the syndrome of our century of barbed wire and Gulags, a manner of finding a reprieve. . . .’’
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a: 139, b: 114 - '''Edna Mosh'''<br>
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Mucho Maas deliberately distorts the sound of his wife's name to compensate for the [http://www.nutshellhifi.com/library/tinyhistory1.html distortions] of [http://www.tangentsunset.com/laradiohistory.htm AM radio] in the mid-sixties.
  
This is Jesus the Anarchist, Jesus the Sadist, Jesus of the Preterite, he still gets mail from the [http://www.historyhouse.com/in_history/lsd/ '''''C.I.A.''''']. This is the Jesus of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_of_the_Absurd '''''Theater of the Absurd''''']
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a: 143, b: 117 - '''She Loves You'''<br>
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The Beatles third single, first issued in the U.S. on the obscure '''Swan''' label.
  
 +
See: [[She_Loves_You_And_More|'''She Loves You And More''']]
  
 
{{CL49 PbP}}
 
{{CL49 PbP}}

Latest revision as of 19:33, 7 May 2010

Please keep these annotations SPOILER-FREE by not revealing information from later pages in the novel.
If your edition has 183 pages, follow the pages marked a: 49a.jpg 49b.jpg If your edition has 152 pages,
follow b:
49c.jpg

a: 101, b: 81 - Plays of Ford, Webster, Tourneur and Wharfinger
John Ford is famous for Tis pity she's a whore, John Webster wrote The Duchess of Malfi and Cyril Tourneur wrote The Athiest's Tragedy, while the Revenger's Tragedy is ascribed to Tourneur with a great deal of controversy as regards authorship.

b: 82 - Alexandrine
A line of poetic meter comprising 12 syllables.

a: 103, b: 83 - FSM's, YAF's, VDC's
Free Speech Movement, Young Americans for Freedom, and Vietnam Day Committee. The VDC was a coalition of left-wing political groups, student groups, labour organizations, and pacifist religions in America that opposed the Vietnam War. It was formed in Berkeley in 1965 and was active through the majority of the war. Wikipedia

a: 103, b: 83 - a national reflex to certain pathologies in high places only death had the power to cure
Presumably, the McCarthy era, which only ended with McCarthy's death in 1957.

a: 103, b: 83 - Siwash
A fictional college in stories by George Fitch (d. 1915), American author. Also, a small usually inland college that is notably provincial in outlook.

Also related to Native Americans?

Since "Siwash" is here compared to Berkeley university, I'd say no. Bleakhaus

a: 104, b: 83 - Secretaries James and Foster and Senator Joseph
James Forrestal, John Foster Dulles, and Joseph McCarthy.

a: 104, b: 84 - a shirt on various Polynesian themes and dating from the Truman administration
Recalls the shirt worn by Slothrop in Part 2 of Gravity's Rainbow, even though that one was Hawaiian and worn a few months before Truman took office.

a: 110, b: 88 - Roos Atkins
Chain of upscale men's clothing stores in San Francisco Wikipedia

a: 112, b: 90 - sinophile
Someone fond of chinese culture. On occasion, the term is used to describe people who exhibit a sexual preference for Chinese or Asian partners. Wikipedia The character being referred to is John Nefastis, who likes to do it when "there is something about China" on TV.

a: 115, b: 93 - IBM 7094
At the time of publishing, this was the top-of-the-line computer. One of those HUGE room sized ones.

a: 119, b: 96 - Jesus Arrabal
Jesus Arrabal' conflates Jesus' a word, generally fixed in meaning as the figure at the Center of Christianity, [and also a common Christian Name in Catholic Latin American], with Arrabal a Spanish word that grew from Arab roots, arrabal (suburb - al-rabad). The word changed in meaning over time to include the suburbs, the outlands, and the slums, all zones of exclusion. The word Arrabal as a proper name leads us to Fernando Arrabal, noted playwright working in the Theater of the Absurd. Finally, spoken aloud it sounds like Jesus 'orrible. See a: 129, b: 105 - high magic to low puns, below.

a: 119, b: 96 - Conjuración de los Insurgentes Anarquistas
A fictional Anarchist organization with the acronym C.I.A., a pun that serves to remind us once again of the secretive intelligence organization. Conjuración is both conjuration and conspiracy, so it is both a Conspiracy of Insurgent Anarchists and a Conjuration of Insurgent Anarchists. As in both Pan's Labyrinth and Against the Day there is an Anarchist/Magical co-conspiracy.

a: 119, b: 96 - Flores Magon brothers
Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magón led anarchist movements in Mexico in the early 1900's.

a: 119, b: 96 - Zapata
Emiliano Zapata was another Mexican revolutionary in the early 1900's.

b: 98 - priistas
Members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI): a Mexican political party. It was formed in 1929 and was the dominant political party for much of the 20th century.

a: 125, b: 101 - jitney
A type of taxi, but with a regular route, that stops at any point along the way that you want. It is also shared with other riders. Jitneys are run, usually, entrepreneurially and often unlicensed. A kind of off-the-grid "taxi".

a: 129, b: 105 - high magic to low puns

see High Magic to Low Puns

a: 132, b: 107 - Oedipa checked out of the hotel and drove down the peninsula
This may be a continuity goof by Pynchon. "in chapter 5, Oedipa parks her car in San Francisco's North Beach, then spends the night wandering through the Bay Area on foot and by bus, ending up the next morning at her hotel in Berkeley; after a short sleep she "check out of the hotel and drove down the peninsula." How did her car get from San Francisco to Berkeley?" Edward Mendelson, "Gravity's Encyclopedia," fn. 12.

8 cent Airmail stamp

b: 109 - Speer and his ministry of cretins
Albert Speer was Minister of Armaments and War Production for the Third Reich and Hitler's chief architect. Despite doubts about his credibility, at the Nuremberg trials, he was the only defendant to accept responsibility for his involvement with the Nazi regime, and was sentenced to 20 years in prison, while many of his colleagues were executed.

b: 112 - nicht wahr
German: not true? : isn't that so?

a: 139, b: 114 - Edna Mosh
Mucho Maas deliberately distorts the sound of his wife's name to compensate for the distortions of AM radio in the mid-sixties.

a: 143, b: 117 - She Loves You
The Beatles third single, first issued in the U.S. on the obscure Swan label.

See: She Loves You And More



Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
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